Plants come in all shapes, sizes, and colors and are essential for life on Earth. Learn more about how incredible plants are with these hands-on plant experiments and printable plant worksheets. You will find easy plant activities and ideas for elementary to middle school. We love do-able science experiments for kids!

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Plant Science

Plant science or botany is a fun topic to teach to kids of all ages. We have a range of plant experiments and projects that would work well in a wide range of settings, from home to the classroom.

Our science activities are designed with you, the parent or teacher, in mind. Easy to set up and quick to do, most activities take only 15 to 30 minutes and are fun. Plus, you don’t need a ton of expensive materials!

Learn about…

  • How living things form part of systems.
  • How energy flows through simple systems.
  • Develop observational skills and practice making predictions.
  • Understand the role of variables in measuring changes.

These plant experiments below are great for elementary to middle school students. For our younger kiddos, check out our list of plant activities for preschoolers.

Plant Facts For Kids

  • Most plants need water, soil, and sunlight to grow.
  • We need plants because they produce oxygen, clean the air we breathe, provide food, they are homes and food for many other living things, and more.
  • Some plants are carnivorous. That means they eat animals (like spiders and insects)!
  • 80% of flowering plants have adaptions so that they can be pollinated by bees and other insects or birds.
  • Some plants do not have flowers or seeds, moss, and ferns. They reproduce by making spores.
  • There are over 390,000 different types of plants in the world. Over 90% of which are flowering plants.
  • Some plants live underwater and are called aquatic plants.
  • About half of all plants are edible. Yet we only eat about 200 plants, and three plants, rice, wheat, and corn, make up over 50% of the plants we eat.

Tips For A Plant Science Project

Science projects are an excellent tool for kids to show what they know about science! Plus, they can be used in various environments, including classrooms, homeschool, and groups.

Kids can take what they have learned about using the scientific method, stating a hypothesis, choosing variables, and analyzing and presenting data.

Our seed germination experiment and plastic bottle greenhouse are both great plant growth experiments to consider for a science project.

Want to turn one of these experiments into an awesome science fair project? Check out these helpful resources.

Get your quick and easy spring STEM challenges! 

Science Experiments With Plants

More than plant growth experiments, we have lots of fun ways for you to explore plant science for kids. Learn about capillary action, osmosis, respiration, and more.

Acid Rain Experiment

What happens to plants when rain is acidic? Set up an easy acid rain project with this flowers in vinegar experiment. Explore what causes acid rain and what can be done about it.

Celery Experiment

This celery food coloring experiment is a great way to show how water travels through a plant.

Color Changing Flowers

Turn white flowers into all sorts of fun colors! Observe capillary action at work as water moves up the stem to the flower.

ALSO CHECK OUT: Color Changing Carnations

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Flower Dissection

Grab some flowers, and do a simple flower dissection to identify and name the parts of a flower. Pair it with our printable parts of a flower diagram.

Glowing Spinach

Transform ordinary spinach that you eat into a glowing green mixture under ultraviolet light! Learn about the pigments present in plants, particularly chlorophyll and how certain pigments can absorb light at one wavelength and emit light at another, resulting in the observed glow.

How Do Plants Breath

This fun plant science experiment is a great way to teach kids about plant respiration. All you need are some green leaves and water to observe how plants breathe.

Leaf Chromatography

Have you ever wondered how leaves get their color? Discover the hidden pigments that are in leaves with this fun chromatography experiment. Chromatography is a technique used in chemistry that separates the components of a mixture into its individual parts.

ALSO CHECK OUT: Marker Chromatography Experiment

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Leaf Veins

Learn about how water travels through leaves with this simple science experiment. Watch what happens when you put leaves into a jar of colored water!

Mini Greenhouse

Enjoy the wonder of growing plants by making an easy mini greenhouse from plastic bottles. Includes suggestions for turning it into a plant growth experiment.

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Potato Osmosis Lab

Plant roots absorb water from the soil through osmosis. Learn about osmosis with this fun potato osmosis experiment. Investigate what happens to potatoes when you put them in a concentration of salt water and then pure water.

Regrow Lettuce

Did you know that you can regrow certain vegetables from their stalks right on the kitchen counter? Give it a try!

Seed Germination Experiment

Investigate what factors affect the germination of seeds with a simple germination jar. Kids love being able to watch the growth of the seeds!

Bonus Plant Activities & Worksheets

Biomes

Ever noticed that different plants live in different parts of the world? Learn about what a biome is and examples of biomes around the world with this fun biomes lapbook project. 

Carbon Cycle

Plants have an important role in the carbon cycle which sustains life on earth. Find out what the carbon cycle is, and how plants are involved.

Food Chain

Explore the important role plants have as producers in the food chain. Includes printable food chain worksheets.

Honey Bee Life Cycle

Bees are important pollinators for flowering plants. Find out some fun facts about honey bees with this printable bee life cycle lapbook activity.

Life Cycle Of A Bean Plant

Learn about green bean plants with these fun and free printable life cycle of a bean plant worksheets! Find out more about how beans grow and learn about the stages of bean growth.

Life Cycle Of A Pine Tree

Learn about pine trees, and how they are different to flowering plants with these printable pine tree life cycle worksheets.

Parts of a Flower

Learn about the parts of a flower and what they do with this fun printable parts of a flower diagram.

Parts of a Leaf

A fun and easy way to learn the parts of a leaf. Grab this printable leaf coloring page!

Photosynthesis

How do plants get their food? Green plants make their own food and food for us through the process of photosynthesis. Use these printable worksheets to introduce the steps of photosynthesis to kids.

Plant Cells

Color in and label the parts of a plant cell as you explore what makes plant cells different to animal cells.

Printable Spring Pack

If you’re looking to grab all of the printables in one convenient place plus exclusives with a spring theme, our 300+ page Spring STEM Project Pack is what you need!

Weather, geology, plants, life cycles, and more!